Sunday, 2 May 2021

General Intelligence and Reasoning - Semantic Classification (#reasoning)(#compete4exams)(#eduvictors)(#ssc)

General Intelligence and Reasoning - Semantic Classification 

General Intelligence and Reasoning - Semantic Classification  (#reasoning)(#compete4exams)(#eduvictors)(#ssc)


Classification means to arrange the items of a given group on the basis of common qualities the items possess and then spot the one.

In the question four options are given out of which three are almost same in nature but the remaining one is dissimilar. 


Let see some examples:

Question1(SSC CHSL): Which one of the words given below is different from the rest?

(a) Car

(b) Helicopter

(c) Bus

(d) Train


Answer:  (b) Helicopter

Explanation: Car, Bus and train move on surface and helicopter moves in air.


Question 2(SSC CHSL): Select the odd word/letters/ number/number pair from the given alternatives.

(a) 81

(b) 125

(c) 64

(d) 198


Answer: (d) 198

Explanation: 81 = 9², 125 = 5², 64 = 8² But 192 = 14² + 2



Question 3(SSC CHSL): Select the odd word/letters/ number/number pair from the given alternatives.

(a) Dehradun 

(b) Ranchi 

(c) Lucknow 

(d) Roorkee


Answer: (d) Roorkee


Explanation: Dehradun, Ranchi and Lucknow are capitals of different states and Roorkee is the city of Uttarakhand.



Practice Questions:

Select the odd word/letters/ number/number pair from the given alternatives.


Q1: (a) 13

    (b) 17

    (c) 19

    (d) 21


Q2: (a) 25673 

(b) 34664 

(c) 42763 

(d) 25556



Q3: (a) Lotus Temple

(b) India Gate

(c) Qutub Minar

(d) Gateway of India


Q4: (a) BE

(b) VZ

(c) QU

(d) KO


Q5: (a) Tonne 

(b) Quintal 

(c) Kilogram 

(d) Gallon


Q6: (a) Nightblindness

(b) Scurvy 

(c) Beri-Beri 

(d) AIDS


Q7: (a) Square 

(b) Rectangle 

(c) Rhombus 

(d) Polygon


Q8: (a) Joule

(b) Ohm

(c) Watt

(d) Magnetic Field


Answers:

1: (d) 21 

Hint: 21 is a composite number, while 13, 17 and 19 are prime numbers.


2: (c) 42763

Hint: 25673 = 2 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 3 = 23,

      34664 = 3 + 4 + 6 + 6 + 4 = 23 

      42763 = 4 + 2 + 7 + 6 + 3 = 22 

      25556 = 2 + 5 + 5 + 5 + 6 = 23


3: (d) Gateway of India

Hint: Gateway of India is in Mumbai, other monuments are in Delhi.


4: (a) BE

Hint: Check and compare alphabets position. 

    B(2) → E(5) - 3 positions forward

    V(22) → Z(26) - 4 positions forward

    Q(17) → U(21) - 4 positions forward

    K(11) → O(15) - 4 positions forward


5: (d) Gallon

Hint: Tonne, Quintal and Kilogram are units of weight and Gallon is a unit of liquid. 



6: (d) AIDS

Hint: AIDS is a viral disease while others are deficiency diseases.


7: (d) Polygon

Others are quadrilaterals 


8:(d) Magnetic Field

Magnetic field is physics term while others are units of physical quantities.



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