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Common Chemical Compounds – Names and Formulas (General Science)(#chemistry)(#compete4exams)

Common Chemical Compounds – Names and Formulas 

(General Science)

Common Chemical Compounds – Names and Formulas (General Science)(#chemistry)(#compete4exams)

In competition exams like SSC, Banking, Railways etc. General Awareness and General Science sections are high scoring sections. Generally the chemical names are asked in these exams. 

The list of all the important Names and Formulas of Common Chemical Compounds is given below:

SNo. Common Name Chemical Name Chemical Formula
1. Baking Soda Sodium hydrogen carbonate or Sodium bicarbonate NaHCO₃
2. Baryta Barium hydroxide Ba(OH)₂
3. Bleach (laundry) Sodium hypochlorite NaOCl
4. Bleach (solid) Sodium perborate NaBO₃ (anhydrous)
5. Bleaching powder Calcium hypochlorite Ca(OCl)₂
6. Blue Vitriol Copper sulphate pentahydrate CuSO₄.5H₂O
7. Borax Sodium tetraborate decahydrate Na₂B₄O₇.10H₂O
8. Brimstone Sulphur S
9. Calomel Mercurous chloride HgCl
10. Carbolic acid Phenol C₆H5₅H
11. Carborundum Silicon carbide SiC
12. Caustic Potash Potassium hydroxide KOH
13. Chile Saltpetre Sodium nitrate NaNO₃
14. Chloroform Trichloromethane CHCl₃
15. Cream of Tartar Potassium hydrogen tartrate KHC₄H₄O₆
16. Dolomite Calcium Magnesium carbonate CaMg(CO₃)₂
17. Dry Ice Solid Carbon dioxide CO₂
18. Epsom salt Magnesium sulphate heptahydrate MgSO₄.7H₂O
19. Freon Dichlorodifluoromethane CF₂Cl₂
20. Galena Lead (II) sulphide PbS
21. Glauber’s Salt Sodium Sulphate decahydrate Na₂SO₄.10H₂O
22. Glycerine Trihydroxy propanol C₃H₈O₃
23. Grain Alcohol Ethanol C₂H₅OH
24. Graphite/ Plumbago Carbon C
25. Green Vitriol Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate FeSO₄.7H₂O
26. Gypsum Calcium sulphate dihydrate CaSO₄.2H₂O
27. Heavy Water Deuterium Oxide D₂O
28. Hypo Sodium Thiosulfate pentahydrate Na₂S₂O₃. 5H₂O
29. Iron Pyrite (Fool's gold) Iron disulphide FeS₂
30. Jeweller’s Rouge/Red Rouge Iron(III) Oxide/ Ferric Oxide Fe₂O₃
31. Laughing gas Dinitrogen oxide/Nitrous Oxide N₂O
32. Lime Calcium Oxide CaO
33. Limestone Calcium carbonate CaCO₃
34. Litharge Lead(II) Oxide PbO
35. Lunar Caustic Silver Nitrate AgNO₃
36. Lye/Caustic Soda Sodium Hydroxide NaOH
37. Marble Calcium carbonate CaCO₃
38. Marsh Gas Methane CH₄
39. MEK Methyl ethyl ketone/Butanone CH₃COC₂H₅
40. Milk of Magnesia Magnesium hydroxide Mg(OH)₂
41. Mohr’s Salt Ammonium Ferrous Sulphate Hexahydrate (NH₄)2Fe(SO₄)₂.6H₂O
42. Muriatic acid Hydrochloric acid HCl
43. Oil of Vitriol Sulfuric acid H₂SO₄
44. Oil of Wintergreen Methyl salicylate C₈H₈O₃
45. Phosgene Carbonyl dichloride COCl₂
46. Plaster of Paris Calcium sulphate hemi-hydrate CaSO₄.½ H₂O
47. Potash Potassium carbonate K₂CO₃
48. Potash Alum Potassium Aluminium sulphate dodecahydrate AlK(SO₄)₂.12H₂O
49. Quartz Silicon dioxide SiO₂
50. Quicksilver Mercury Hg
51. Rochelle Salt Potassium Sodium Tartrate KNaC₄H₄O₆.4H₂O
52. Rock Salt Sodium Chloride NaCl
53. Rubbing Alcohol Isopropyl alcohol CH₃CHOHCH₃
54. Sal Ammoniac (नौसादर) Ammonium chloride NH₄Cl
55. Salt (Table Salt) Sodium chloride NaCl
56. Salt Substitute Potassium chloride KCl
57. Saltpetre Potassium nitrate KNO₃
58. Slaked Lime Calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)₂
59. Sugar Sucrose C1₁₂H₂₂O₁₁
60. TNT Trinitrotoluene C₆H₂(NO₂)₃CH₃
61. TSP trisodium phosphate Sodium Phosphate Na₃PO₄
62. Vermillion/Cinnabar Mercuric sulphide HgS
63. Washing Soda Sodium carbonate decahydrate Na₂CO₃.10H₂O
64. White Vitriol Zinc sulphate heptahydrate ZnSO₄.7H₂O
65. Wood alcohol Methyl alcohol CH₃OH
66. Brine Aqueous Sodium Chloride NaCl(aq)
67. Vinegar/Glaciar Acid Acetic Acid CH₃COOH

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