7 Points About Project Rhino That You Should Know
➀ There are three species of rhino in Asia — Greater one-horned, Javan and Sumatran. Javan and Sumatran Rhino are critically endangered and the Greater one-horned (or Indian) rhino is vulnerable In IUCN Red List. The greater one-horned rhino (or “Indian rhino”) is the largest of the rhino species found northern part of the Indian sub-continent. In 20th century, due to hunting for sports, poaching, their population gets reduced to around 200.
➁ Project Rhino was launched in 2005 as an ambitious effort to attain a wild population of at least 3,000 greater one-horned rhinos spread over seven protected areas in the Indian state of Assam.
➂ International Rhino Fund has partnered with the Assam Forest Department, the Bodoland Territorial Council, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), and the US Fish & Wildlife Service to address the threats facing Indian rhinos.
➃ To protect rhinos they are moved to safer habitat like Kaziranga National Park and Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary, where they can breed.
➄ Along with continuing strict protection and community engagement, spreading Indian rhinos out among more protected areas will create a larger, safer and more stable population.
➅ IRF (International Rhino Foundation), Assam’s Forest Department, Bodoland Territorial Council, World Wide Fund - India,the US Fish & Wildlife Service and Indian Rhino Vision 2020 partners worked together to improve protection and monitoring of existing populations, constructing guard posts, patrol roads, and bridges.
➆ At present, there are about 2,600 Indian rhinos in India, with more than 90% of the population concentrated in Assam’s Kaziranga National Park.